|Posted by eliasasfawe on October 11, 2012 at 1:35 AM||comments (1)|
Drummond et al. Methods for the economic evaluation of health care programmes. 2nd Edition. Oxford: Oxford Medical Publications, 1997
1. Was a well-defined question posed in an answerable form?
2. Was a comprehensive description of the competing alternatives given (i.e. can you tell who did what to whom, where and how often)?
3. Was there evidence that the programme’s effectiveness had been established?
4. Were all the important and relevant outcomes and costs for each alternative identified?
5. Were outcomes and costs measured accurately in appropriate units (e.g. hours of nursing time, number of physician visits, years-of-life gained) prior to evaluation?
6. Were the outcomes and costs valued credibly?
7. Were outcomes and costs adjusted for different times at which they occurred (discounting)?
8. Was an incremental analysis of the outcomes and costs of alternatives performed?
9. Was a sensitivity analysis performed?
10. Did the presentation and discussion of the results include all, or enough, of the issues.
|Posted by eliasasfawe on October 9, 2012 at 2:30 AM||comments (0)|
What is Health Economics?
Applied analytic method to identify, measure, value, and compare the costs and outcomes of alternative interventions.
It is a comparative analysis of alternative courses of action in terms of both their costs and consequences. (Drumond, et al.)
Examples: Cost Analysis, Cost of Illness/Burden of Disease Analysis, Cost Effectiveness Analysis, Cost Utility Analysis and Cost Benefit Analysis
Health economics is a branch of economics concerned with issues related to efficiency, effectiveness, value and behavior in the production and consumption of health and health care. In broad terms, health economists study the functioning of the health care systems as well as health-affecting behaviors. encyclopedia